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Plants and Environment

E-ISSN: 2582-3744
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2019, Vol. 1, Issue 1

A survey of medicinal plants used as traditional medicine in Ukum and Ogbadibo Local Government Areas of Benue state, Nigeria

Author(s): Nahandoo Ichoron*, Senen Tyoer, Emoche John James and John Ogbaji Igoli

Affiliation: *Natural Products Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria

This study identified medicinal plants traditionally used to treat human health challenges by the people in Ukum and Ogbadibo Local Government Areas of Benue state, Nigeria. Information was obtained through oral interview of traditional healers using semi-structured questionnaires. Informant consensus factor, use value and fidelity level for each species and use category were calculated. A total of 75 traditional healers were consulted during the study. Fifty eight species from thirty four plant families were identified as being used traditionally to treat one or more ailments. The most frequently encountered ailments were fever, parasitic infections, digestive and reproductive system disorders. The majority of remedies were administered orally; leaves were used the most and decoctions were the most frequently prepared formulation. There is uniformity in the species of plants used by the herbalists to treat specific ailments. Majority of the plants identified in the survey were uncultivated.

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