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Plants and Environment

E-ISSN: 2582-3744
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2021, Vol. 3, Issue 1

Pollen analysis of animal coprolites recovered from vegetation mounds in El-Ga’ab paleolake: evidence for vegetation history of the desert of northern Sudan

Author(s): Mohammed Nasreldein, Ikram Madani Ahmed* and Yahia Fadl Tahir

Affiliation: *Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, University of Khartoum, Sudan

Abstract: In arid zones vegetation mounds are natural indicators for land degradation. Studying plants and animals remains in different strata of these mounds provide information about the past land use in which parts of the natural environment were modified into arable fields and pastures. They are suitable sites for preserving animal coprolites. In this study, two samples of different animal coprolites were collected from vertical trenches in vegetation mounds of Um Hilal and El-Hamra areas of El-Ga’ab depression in northern Sudan. Pollen grain analysis was conducted and eleven species that belong to eight families were identified. Five species recorded for El Hamra area and nine species were identified for Um Hilal area. Most of the pollen grains were identified as Suaeda monoica and Salsola imbricata which are halophytes indicates habitats of high soil salinity in El-Ga’ab depression. These species are still dominant in other law elevated areas of less dry sand dunes. Polygonum sp. Pollens were recorded in Um Hilal area indicating a moist habitat. Record of the comparatively large number of tree pollen grain of Acacia ehrenbergiana indicates no change in the dominant tree species. Presence of the pollen grains of Triticum sp. (wheat) and Heliotropium parciflorum is an evidence for past agricultural activities. This study recommended further intensive investigations of the old dry vegetation mounds distributed in the desert of northern Sudan to reconstruct its palaeoenvironment.

DOI: 10.22271/2582-3744.2021.mar.8

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