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Plants and Environment

E-ISSN: 2582-3744
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2021, Vol. 3, Issue 2

Taxonomic studies of two trifoliate legumes of high economic importance in Ebonyi State, South-eastern Nigeria


Author(s): O. E. Nwankwo*, F. C. Ambrose, S. A. Odewo and K. Nwanchor

Affiliation: *Department of Applied Biology, Faculty of Science Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki Nigeria

Abstract: Taxonomic studies of Sphenostylis stenocarpa and Centrosema pubescens based macro-morphology and foliar epidermises were carried out to determine their similarities and differences. The taxa are of high economic values as they are used as food and medicine in Nigeria. Standard methods were used to carry out the studies as qualitative and quantitative macromorphological characters of the taxa were obtained by visual observation and measuring with metre rule while foliar epidermal study followed standard methods previously used by other researchers. The taxa studied have trifoliate leaf type with leaf and leaflet arrangement alternate and opposite respectively. From the foliar epidermises, Sphenostylis stenocarpa possesses paracytic stomata on the abaxial surface and anisocytic stomata on the adaxial. The abaxial surface of Centrosema pubescens possesses anomocytic and paracytic stomata and anomocytic stomata on the adaxial surface. Cell shapes of the foliar epidermal surfaces are irregular with undulate anticlinal wall patterns except on the adaxial surface of Sphenostylis stenocarpa with pentagonal cell shape and straight anticlinal wall. The two taxa are similar in their leaf type and arrangement but differ greatly in their stomatal types.

DOI: 10.22271/2582-3744.2021.jun.47

Pages: 47-51 | Views: 110 | Downloads: 88

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